News, Events, Birthdays, History - September 24 - September 30
F. Scott Fitzgerald - September 24, 1896
Fitzgerald is widely recognized as one of the twentieth century's greatest writers. he finished four novels, including This Side of Paradise, The Beautiful and the Damned, Tender is the Night, and his most famous novel, one that so many of us read in high school...The Great Gatsby. He suffered poor health throughout his life, battled alcoholism, and was frequently in dire financial straits. He died of a heart attack at age 44. On his tombstone is inscribed the final sentence of The Great Gatsby - "So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past."
T.S. Eliot - September 26, 1888
Thomas Stearns Eliot, a poet, playwright and literary critic, received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1948. Born in St. Louis, Missouri, he moved to the United Kingdom at age 25 and became a British citizen at age 39. Of his nationality and its role in his work, Eliot said: "[My poetry] wouldn't be what it is if I'd been born in England, and it wouldn't be what it is if I'd stayed in America. It's a combination of things. But in its sources, in its emotional springs, it comes from America."
Samuel Adams - September 27, 1722
One of the founding fathers of the United States, Samuel was a second cousin to John Adams, also a founding father and later, the second President. Adams was unquestionably a leader in the movement that became the American Revolution. Questions exist, however, about exactly what sort of leader he was. Some praise him as a visionary who had been guiding fellow colonists to independence long before the outbreak of the Revolution. Others claim he was a master of propaganda who provoked mob violence to achieve his goals. Today, Adam's name lives on in history - and in popular culture as well. In 1985, the Boston Beer Company created Samuel Adams Boston Lager, drawing on the tradition that Adams had been a brewer. Adams's name is also used by a pair of non-profit organizations, the Sam Adams Alliance and the Sam Adams Foundation, in homage of his ability to organize citizens at the local level in order to achieve a national goal.
September 25, 1981 - Sandra Day O'Connor Becomes Supreme Court Justice
Nominated by President Ronald Reagan, O'Connor was the first woman to become a Supreme Court Justice. She retired from the court in 2005. In 2001, the Ladies' Home Journal ranked her as the second-most-powerful woman in America. In 2004, Forbes magazine listed her as the sixth-most-powerful woman in the world. On August 12, 2009, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the U.S.'s highest civilian honor, by President Barack Obama.
September 26, 1964 - Warren Commission Report Completed
The President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy, known unofficially as The Warren Commission, was established by President Lyndon Johnson to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963. The Commission's report concluded that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in the killing of Kennedy and the wounding of Texas Governor John Connally. These findings have since proven controversial and been both challenged and supported by later studies. A complete text of the report is available online at http://www.archives.gov/research/jfk/warren-commission-report/
September 26, 1960 - First Televised Presidential Debate
On this day in 1960, presidential candidates John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon would square off in the nation's first televised presidential election debate. The debate was one of the most-watched broadcasts in U.S. television history. Those who listened to the debate on the radio thought Nixon had one, but those who watched on television would see Kennedy as the winner. Nixon appeared worse than Kennedy on television, with poor makeup, a haggard appearance due to a knee injury and hospitalization earlier in the month, and a gray suit which blended into the backdrop of the set. The televised debates were thought to be the difference in what was an extremely close election.
September 30, 1927 - Babe Ruth Sets Home Run Record
George Herman Ruth, known to the world as "Babe Ruth," was the first sports superstar. In 1930, Ruth was earning a salary of $80,000 a year, a spectacular number in that era - more than the President of the United States. In 1927 Ruth set a single season home run record of 60 that would not be topped until Roger Maris hit 61 in 1961, during a season that was eight games longer.